Rwanda has a population of approximately 11.3 million people which is dominated by young people with a median age of 19 years and a population growth rate of 2.6%. The GDP of the economy is 4,685 Billion Rwanda Francs (at constant 2011 prices) with an average growth rate of 7.12% over the last 5 years.

Labour force profile of agriculture sector

The Agriculture establishments in the private sector in Rwanda have 23 principal activities. The top principal activities include raising and breeding of cattle (10.6%), raising of poultry (9.7%), plant propagation (9.0%), production of milk (7.4%), growing of beverage crops and post-harvest crop activities each (7.1%), seed processing (6.5%), growing of cereals except (rice) and growing of leguminous crops each (4.5%). Large establishments account for 35.5%, micro establishments accounts 27.5%, whereas small and medium establishments accounts for 19.0% and 18.0% respectively. The Agriculture sector establishments in Rwanda had a total of 30,044 labor units employed as managers, professionals (engineers), liberal professionals, technicians and artisans. In terms of gender, men constitute 56.6% and women 43.4% of the total labor units. 85.2% of the employees were agricultural artisans, 10.8% technicians and 2.4% managers. Scientists, professionals and liberal professionals constituted 0.7% and 0.9% respectively.

1. Managers Existing No. Labor UnitsWomenExpatriates
Managing directors and chief executives 34211720
Research and development managers 24015
Agricultural and forestry production managers 3390
Aquaculture and fisheries production managers 130
Supply, distribution and related managers 2343
Information and communications technology service managers 320
Human resource managers 1832
Policy and planning managers 1020
Sales and marketing managers 64231
Advertising and public relations managers1013
Total 52816444
2. Scientists Existing No. Labor UnitsWomenExpatriates
Physical and Earth Science professionals 903
Crop Scientists 1800
Agronomists 90167
Agricultural Economist 220
Veterinary Specialists/advisor 1400
Meteorologists 000
Chemists 1470
Biologists, botanists, zoologists & related professionals 100
Farming, forests, and fisheries advisors 000
Environmental protection professionals 000
Total 1482510
3. Liberal professionals Existing No. Labor UnitsWomenExpatriates
Accountants 113604
Financial and investment advisers 402
Financial analysts 943
Management and organization analysts 302
Policy administration professionals 000
Personnel and career (HR) professionals 000
Training and staff development professionals 000
Advertising and marketing professionals 2403
Public relations professionals 911
Technical and medical sales professionals (excluding ICT) 32111
Information and communications technology professionals 410
Legal professionals 200
Total 2007716
4. TechniciansExisting No. Labor UnitsWomenExpatriates
Life science technicians (excluding medical) 100
Agricultural technicians 2,3005882
Forestry technicians 200
Livestock technicians 5415
Fisheries technicians 220
Veterinary technicians/assistants 2630
Medical records and health information technicians 202
Environmental and occupational health inspectors and associates 000
Total 2,3875949
5. Artisans Existing No. Labor UnitsWomenExpatriates
Market-oriented Animal producers 20120
Market oriented Mixed crop and animal producers 100
Market oriented Forestry and related workers 1040
Market oriented Fishery workers, hunters and trappers 000
Agricultural,forestry and fishery laborers 3,1401,030217
Crop farm laborers 9,4723,1291,195
Livestock farm laborers 1791810
Mixed crop and livestock farm laborers 297450
Garden and horticultural laborers 3930
Forestry laborers 300
Fishery and aquaculture laborers 32100
Other unskilled laborers like security and grounds people 4,0462,28812
Total 18,8516,6021,424