Rwanda has a population of approximately 11.3 million people which is dominated by young people with a median age of 19 years and a population growth rate of 2.6%. The GDP of the economy is 4,685 Billion Rwanda Francs (at constant 2011 prices) with an average growth rate of 7.12% over the last 5 years.

The Rwanda constitution stipulates that everyone has the following rights:

•     right to work

•     free choice of employment

•     favorable condition of work

•     protection against unemployement

•     social welfare and social justice

•     right to protection

•     protection against descrimination

•     protection against vulnerability

 It is because of the need to respect the above rights that social protection and employment policies were developed to be reviewed.